Use of Remote Sensing in the assessment and classification of land degradation in the district of Mahmudiya for the period 1990-2007

ثائر مظهر فهمي جنان عبد الامير عباس مها محمود عواد
2019 Journal of College of Education for Women  
The study consisted in the development and use of a practical method to detect and monitor, analyze and produce maps of changes in land use and land cover in the district of Mahmudiya in Baghdad during the period 1990-2007 using the applications of remote sensing techniques and with the assisstant of geographic information systems (GIS),as a valuable contribution to land degradation studies. This study is based maiuly on the processing on two subsets of landsat5 TM images picked up in August
more » ... ked up in August 1990 and 2007 respectively in order to facilitate comparision and were thengeometrically and radiometrcally calibrated ,to used for digital classification purposes using maximum liklihoods classification or six spectral bands of both images as input (with the thermal bands being excluded)for procedures of change detection proposed, as well as the use of installation chromatograpiy analysis and visual interpretation using spectral bands (2,4,7) and (2,3,4) respectively for the preparation of a maps foe the patterns of land cover and land uses in the study area. Change detection results showed an increase in the area of class urban areas, in the year 1990, the area of this product 9.8 km 2, and in the year 2007 has become a 60.9 km 2 area of the image, and an increase in the area of class agricultural land unexploited In 1990, the area of this product 1290.50 km 2, and the year 2007 has become a 1610.33 km2 of the image, and increase the area of classified land saline, in the year 1990, the area of this product 183.27 km 2, and in the year 2007 has become a 328.31 km2 of the image as well as an increase in the area of class cover the water, in the year 1990 was space This product was 46.2 km 2, and in the year 2007 has become a 62.5 km 2 of the area of the image, on the other hand decreased space class vegetation In 1990, the area of this product 1140 km 2, and in the year 2007 has become a 575.31 km 2, and also a decrease in class of arid lands In the year 1990, the area of this product 407.12 km 2, and in the year 2007 has be [...]
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