Advancing Development and Greenhouse Gas Reductions in Vietnam's Wind Sector
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank the USAID Mission team in Hanoi, Vietnam for their input and guidance on this report. Through hosting an initial workshop in early 2013 with the Government of Vietnam, a number of important insights on how to effectively support emission mitigation while advancing economic and social development were explored in depth and further expanded upon here. In addition, our Vietnamese colleagues with ENTEC including Nguyen Thi Hai Ngoc provided very
... provided very helpful input drawing upon their local knowledge of the emerging wind sector in the country. Mark Jacobson and Suzanne Tegen at NREL provided very useful and in depth feedback based on their technical expertise and experience in the wind sector in their respective roles as a project developer and market analyst. Technical elements of the paper were further improved based on feedback from Allen Eisendrath and Stephanie Bogle at USAID in Washington, DC. A final thanks goes to Melissa Butheau at NREL for her review and editorial support. vi EC-LEDS ENHANCING CAPACITY FOR LOW EMISSION DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES Advancing Development and Greenhouse Gas Reductions in Vietnam's Wind Sector project risk considerations, such as the availability of high-quality wind resource data, access to enabling infrastructure (e.g., road and electricity transmission networks), interconnection rules and regulations, permitting, and technology availability. Effective policy design and finance can address these considerations by linking wind development to broader national planning efforts (including infrastructure planning) and by instituting clear incentives and models for sharing risk through joint project development. Finally, this paper presents recommendations on the technical and policy elements critical to designing successful, long-term roadmaps for wind energy (and broader electricity sector) development. These elements comprise a holistic, analytically based framework that local, provincial, or national planners can adapt to develop a strategy that attracts support and financing from domestic and international actors. An integrated development, energy, and climate change mitigation program can ultimately help provincial and national planners utilize wind power and other renewable energy technologies to achieve sustained GHG reductions as the country develops.