QoS Aware and Survivable Network Design for Planned Wireless Sensor Networks [article]

Abhijit Bhattacharya, Anurag Kumar
2014 arXiv   pre-print
We study the problem of wireless sensor network design by deploying a minimum number of additional relay nodes (to minimize network cost) at a subset of given potential relay locations, in order to convey the data from already existing sensor nodes (hereafter called source nodes) to a Base Station, while meeting a certain specified hop count bound (the hop count bound is chosen to ensure a pre-determined probability of the data being delivered to the BS within a given maximum delay). We study
more » ... o variations of the problem. First we sudy the problem of guaranteed QoS connected network design, where the objective is to have at least one path from each source to the BS with the specified hop count bound. We show that the problem is NP-Hard. For a problem in which the number of existing sensor nodes and potential relay locations is n, we propose an O(n) approximation algorithm of polynomial time complexity. Results show that the algorithm performs efficiently (in over 90% of the tested scenarios, it gave solutions that were either optimal or were worse than optimal by just one relay) in various randomly generated network scenarios. Next, we study the problem of survivable network design with guaranteed QoS, i.e, the requirement is to have at least k > 1 node disjoint hop constrained paths from each source to the BS. We show that the problem is NP-Hard. We also show that the problem of finding a feasible solution to this optimization problem is NP-Complete. We propose two polynomial time heuristics for this problem, and compare their performance on various randomly generated network scenarios.
arXiv:1110.4746v5 fatcat:52ed2tqe5ze6je5o3zgxw25db4