Theory and Practice of School Upbringing Politicization in Soviet Pedagogical Thought of the Pre-war Period

Milovanov Konstantin Yu., Institute for Strategy of Education Development of the Russian Academy of Education
2020 Scholarly Notes of Transbaikal State University  
The article examines the issues of schools' politicization in the domestic pedagogical thought of the pre-war period. The theoretical and methodological relevance of the study lies in the need to study the theory and practice of school education, modernization models and educational strategies of the Soviet period. No less important is the relevance of the historical dimension of the problem of the development of school education in the USSR in the context of the scientific reconstruction of
more » ... econstruction of the main stages of its evolution. The author has used historical-structural, historical-typological, historiographic and source study methods in his work. The purpose and practical significance of scientific work are associated with the tasks of interpreting and revising the activities of historically established educational systems, and with the possibility of their retrospective use for examining the state of the modern Russian school and building innovative concepts that generate new pedagogical knowledge. The study postulates the assertion that the upbringing system in the Soviet period was part of the ideological work of the ruling party, which had a huge impact on society. The views of prominent figures in pedagogical science and education system on the problem of raising the younger generation are characterized. The leading tendencies of etatization and politicization of school educational practice in the historical period under consideration are revealed. The main parameters of the modernization of the system of cultural, educational and educational activities of the united labour socialist school have been determined. It has been established that during the Soviet period, a worldwide recognized system of general education appeared. At the same time, the era under consideration was marked by the politicization of education, formation and subsequent development of the state-party management of the public education system.
doi:10.21209/2658-7114-2020-15-4-120-128 fatcat:7bd6z7pltncrpp5aborys5w6jy