Bounds on charged, stable superpartners from cosmic ray production
Physical Review D, Particles and fields
Supersymmetric models often predict a lightest superpartner (LSP) which is electrically charged and stable on the timescales of collider experiments. If such a particle were to be observed experimentally, is it possible to determine whether or not it is stable on cosmological timescales? Charged, stable particles are usually considered to be excluded by cosmological arguments coupled with terrestrial searches for anomalously heavy water molecules. But when the cosmology is significantly
... gnificantly altered, as can happen in models with large extra dimensions, these arguments are in turn significantly weakened. In this paper we suggest an alternate way to use searches for superheavy water to constrain the lifetimes of long-lived, charged particles, independent of most cosmological assumptions. By considering SUSY production by cosmic rays in the upper atmosphere, we are able to use current bounds on superheavy water to constrain the mass scale of squarks and gluinos to be greater than about 230 GeV, assuming a stable, charged LSP. This bound can be increased, but only by significantly increasing the size of the initial water sample tested.