Decision letter: Primary and promiscuous functions coexist during evolutionary innovation through whole protein domain acquisitions [peer_review]

Timothy Cooper, Diethard Tautz, Paul B Rainey
2020 unpublished
Molecular examples of evolutionary innovation are scarce and generally involve point mutations. Innovation can occur through larger rearrangements, but here experimental data is extremely limited. Integron integrases innovated from double-strand-toward single-strand-DNA recombination through the acquisition of the I2 a-helix. To investigate how this transition was possible, we have evolved integrase IntI1 to what should correspond to an early innovation state by selecting for its ancestral
more » ... its ancestral activity. Using synonymous alleles to enlarge sequence space exploration, we have retrieved 13 mutations affecting both I2 and the multimerization domains of IntI1. We circumvented epistasis constraints among them using a combinatorial library that revealed their individual and collective fitness effects. We obtained up to 10 4 -fold increases in ancestral activity with various asymmetrical trade-offs in single-strand-DNA recombination. We show that high levels of primary and promiscuous functions could have initially coexisted following I2 acquisition, paving the way for a gradual evolution toward innovation. Escudero et al. eLife 2020;9:e58061.
doi:10.7554/elife.58061.sa1 fatcat:f5hwmponebgsdd3ftpfaiixvdi