Olexander Belyakov
Науковий журнал. № 1/2014 23 тенденции развития от синтетического (спрягаемого) к аналитическому строению языка, как и в других германских языках. Ключевые слова: средневерхненемецкая лексика, строение предложения, виды немецких придаточных предложений эпохи Средневековья, союзы подчиненности, диахронический срез. Bielykh Oksana. Consolidation of Means of German Sentences' Formation of Late Middle Ages. This article deals with the investigation of the structure of the Middle High German
more » ... s. The sentences are divided into declarative, imperative and interrogative. While translating one should pay attention to the structure of the sentence, as the principal clause is independent and the subordinate clause is its part or they may depend on each other in the hierarchic gradation. Subject clauses, predicative, object, adverbial and attributive clauses are distinguished in the Middle High German. Conditional and concessive clauses without any parenthetical conjunction are used too. Indirect interrogative sentences are introduced by interrogative pronoun or interrogative word. The relative clauses are introduced by relative pronouns or relative adverb. The structures of verbs, which contribute the closed-in constructions of the sentence (periphrasis and analytical forms of verb) were developed in the Middle High German. Appearance and consolidation of these structures is explained mostly contextual-semantic, which answers the tendency of development from the synthetic (finite) to the analytic structure of the language, like in other Germanic. This article deals with the structural-semantic peculiarities of the stream-of-consciousness passages (referred to as introspective segments) with an emphasis on similarities and dissimilarities between the three sections of W. Faulkner's "The Sound and the Fury" and earlier chapters of J. Joyce's "Ulysses". An Introspective segment (IS) is defined as a product of the "secondary semiotic system" (Yu. Lotman), an aesthetic model of verbal and non-verbal phenomena (images, sensations, intense emotions) constructed by the author in accordance with his pragmatic intention. Faulkner transfigured the narrative convention of the summa of modernism (Joyce's "Ulysses") and inscribed it in a much broader (as compared with Joyce) context of history, social reality and the place designated as Yoknapatawpha. IS in Faulkner's "The Sound and the Fury" are not only direct objective correlatives to the states of each of the character's minds (N. Polk), not only verbal media to represent a non-verbal reality but also powerful tools to reveal the theme, to advance the plot, to contribute to the content-conceptual information and characterize the introspective monologuists.