Air Quality and Its Relationship with COVID-19 Mortality in Hotspot Places of India: A Post-lockdown Analysis [post]

Hasan Raja Naqvi, Guneet Mutreja, Adnan Shakeel, Masood Ahsan Siddiqui
2020 unpublished
The COVID-19 pandemic spread over the world like the wind with more than 400,000 documented cases as of March 24th, 2020. In this regard, strict lockdown measures were imposed in India on the same date to stop the virus spread. Thereafter, various lockdown impacts were observed and one of the immediate effects was a reduction in air pollution levels across the world. In this study, we have selected 14 major hotspot places where the COVID-19 cases were >1000 (as of 1st June 2020) that represents
more » ... more than 70% mortalities of India. We assessed the impact of lockdown on different air quality indicators including ground (PM2.5, PM10, NO2, SO2, O3, and AQI) and tropospheric nitric oxide (NO2) concentrations through ground monitoring stations and Sentinel-5 satellite data respectively. We have found highest reduction in NO2 (-48.68%), PM2.5 (-34.84%) and PM10 (-33.89%) air pollutant (unit in µg/m3) levels post-lockdown. Moreover, tropospheric NO2 (mol/m2) concentrations were also improved over Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Thane, and Ahmedabad metro cities. Interestingly, air pollutant indicators have been correlated with different periods (as of 1st and 15th June 2020) of COVID-19 mortalities data to assess the bounding between these variables. Accordingly, we have found a strong positive correlation of mortalities data with ground PM10 (R2=0.145; r =0.38) and AQI (R2=0.17; r =0.412) indicators and this relationship has been improved significantly on second time point. The correlation finding suggests that the long-term bad air quality may aggravate the clinical symptoms of the disease.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:h3h4m7bfnbf7fb5fzz7safy3uq