Insights into the mutational burden of human induced pluripotent stem cells using an integrative omics approach [article]

Matteo D'Antonio, Paola Benaglio, David A. Jakubosky, William W. Greenwald, Hiroko Matsui, Margaret K.R. Donovan, He Li, Erin N. Smith, Agnieszka D'Antonio-Chronowska, Kelly A. Frazer
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
To understand the mutational burden of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), we whole genome sequenced 18 fibroblast-derived iPSC lines and identified different classes of somatic mutations based on structure, origin and frequency. Copy number alterations affected 295 kb in each sample and strongly impacted gene expression. UV-damage mutations were present in ~45% of the iPSCs and accounted for most of the observed heterogeneity in mutation rates across lines. Subclonal mutations (not
more » ... esent in all iPSCs within a line) composed 10% of point mutations, and compared with clonal variants, showed an enrichment in active promoters and increased association with altered gene expression. Our study shows that, by combining WGS, transcriptome and epigenome data, we can understand the mutational burden of each iPSC line on an individual basis and suggests that this information could be used to prioritize iPSC lines for models of specific human diseases and/or transplantation therapy.
doi:10.1101/334870 fatcat:s77ptz3crbgxtfnyxuwxkyfmhi