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Maternal Serum Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha in Patients with Missed and Recurrent Miscarriage
Medical Journal of Babylon
TNF-α is one of the cytokines produced by the immune system. Many studies have been done to investigate the role of the immune system in first trimester pregnancy loss. Objective: To evaluate the association of TNF-α with recurrent and missed miscarriage. Method: a case-control study involved 35 women, 15 with recurrent miscarriage (at least three consecutive spontaneous abortions) , 10 with missed miscarriage and 10 with normal first trimester pregnancy (control group). The study was conductedfatcat:dx3i5huxe5bozmff5dm4dk2jzm