Some differences in encoding and decoding messages

Wendell W. Weaver, A. C. Bickley
1967 Journal of the Reading Specialist  
The purpose of this study is to determine the ability of subjects 'co predict the omissions from a natural language text which they had previously produced themselves, as contrasted with the ability of other subjects to predict omissions from these same texts which they had read at the time of production. Relationships between language production and language interpretation are still largely undefined. One difficulty is that of establishing from the use of the natural language the degree of
more » ... nization and flexibility under encoding and decoding. One of the most productive ways to think of organization is in terms of predictability. The more predictable an event, the more organized. Variability implies a degree of unpredictability i.e. of disorganization. This holds true in the second law of thermodynamics as well as in the mathematical statements of the redundancy of a communication system. Language when viewed as the transmission of signals carrying a message through a communication channel might well be interpreted in terms of. these "more or less predictable" paradigms also. Considered in this manner it would seem that the individual organism would be more organized, that is, he would exhibit more predictable language behavior, if he were later decoding messages which he originated
doi:10.1080/19388076709556987 fatcat:lewbynkinzdrromlae4iatatty