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Journal of Japan Society of Computer Aided Surgery
In most of existing surgical training systems, task completion time and error ratio are common metrics for surgical skill evaluation. To avoid unnecessary and injurious force to the tissue, surgeons must know for themselves how much force they give in handling surgical tools. Our goal is to develop an endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) training system that quantitatively evaluates the trainee's surgical skills. In this paper, we present an ESS training system with force sensors for surgical skilldoi:10.5759/jscas1999.4.13 fatcat:3lwnyuaiyzevdhri5oauv7m3fy