Work environment-related factors and nurses' health outcomes: A cross-sectional study in Lebanese hospitals [post]

Martine ELBEJJANI, Mary Abed Al Ahad, Michael SIMON, Dietmar AUSSERHOFER, Nuhad DUMIT, Huda ABU-SAAD HUIJER, Suzanne R Dhaini
2020 unpublished
Background: Worldwide, studies show a relationship between nurses' health and some work environment factors; however, data on nurses' health and self-perceived workload and nursing task allocation are lacking, particularly for Lebanese nurses. We assessed the relationship of several work environment factors: overall workload and specific temporal, physical, mental, effort, frustration, and performance demands (NASA Task Load Index), staffing resources and adequacy and leadership (Practice
more » ... nment Scale of Nursing Work Index), teamwork climate (Safety Attitudes Questionnaire), and nursing task allocation (Basel Extent of Rationing of Nursing Care)) with self-reported musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, skin, and mental health diseases (Work Ability Index) and emotional exhaustion (Maslach Burnout Inventory) among Lebanese nurses. Methods: A cross-sectional self-report survey was distributed to all 289 registered nurses (RNs) in the medical, surgical, and pediatric units in two Lebanese university-affiliated hospitals; 170 RNs had complete data. Adjusted multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between work environment factors and health outcomes. Results: The most prevalent outcomes were musculoskeletal disease (69%), emotional exhaustion (59%), and mental health problems (56%); 70% of RNs had ≥2 and 35.29% had ≥4 co-occurring health problems. Musculoskeletal disease was associated with higher overall (OR=1.36 (95%CI=1.03, 1.80)), temporal (OR=1.30 (95%CI=1.09, 1.55)), and physical demands (OR=1.20 (95%CI=1.03, 1.49)), higher task allocation to RNs (OR=1.11 (95%CI=1.01, 1.23)) and lower teamwork climate (OR=0.60 (95%CI=0.36, 0.98). Higher odds of mental/emotional problems were associated with higher overall, temporal, frustration, and effort demands, and lower teamwork climate, performance satisfaction, and resources adequacy (increased odds ranging from 18% to 88%). Work environment indicators were associated with higher co-occurrence of health problems. Conclusions: Results show elevated health burden and co-morbidity among Lebanese RNs and highlight the value of comprehensive approaches that can simultaneously improve several work environment factors (namely self-perceived workload, teamwork, , resources, and nursing task allocation) to reduce this burden.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:aebbak7htjbh7iyj3ky2gsmpqa