Determination of Fruit and Leaf Characteristics of Some Apricot Varieties in Kayseri Ecology
Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi
Since Turkey has different ecological conditions, it allows the cultivation of various fruit species. Among these fruits, apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) is one of the most consumed fruits with its beautiful color, taste and aroma, high vitamin A and dietary fiber content. In this study which was carried out in 2021, leaf and fruit characteristics of 9 different apricots (8 cultivars and 1 genotype) grown in Kayseri province were determined. As a result of the study, significant variations were
... served in terms of the parameters examined among the cultivars. Especially SEO (Stark Early Orange) and Rakowsky cultivars became prominent in terms of both leaf and fruit characteristics compared to other cultivars. Leaf length values varied between 64.77 mm and 82.79 mm, while leaf width values differ from 46.42 to 75.02 mm. Castle Bright and Seo varieties produced the lowest and highest values for both parameters, respectively. In terms of petiole length, the most prominent variety was SEO with 35.99 mm, like leaf width and leaf length. The lowest petiole value was found in Palstein cultivar with 21.54 mm. In the petiole thickness value, the SEO cultivar produced the highest value (1.84 mm). As a result of the study, the performances of the apricot cultivars included in the study was evaluated in Kayseri for the first time which is important for farmers and breeders. The obtained results will contribute scientific knowledge and apricot growing in practice.