Interactions between jointless and Wild-Type Tomato Tissues during Development of the Pedicel Abscission Zone and the Inflorescence Meristem

E. J. Szymkowiak
1999 The Plant Cell  
The jointless mutation of tomato results in the formation of flower pedicels that lack an abscission zone and inflorescence meristems that revert to vegetative growth. We have analyzed periclinal chimeras and mericlinal sectors of jointless and wild-type tissue to determine how cells in different meristem layers (L1, L2, and L3) and their derivatives interact during these two developmental processes. Cells in the inner meristem layer, L3, alone determined whether the meristem maintained the
more » ... orescence state or reverted to vegetative growth. Moreover, L3 derivatives determined whether a functional pedicel abscission zone formed. Limited and disorganized autonomous development of wild-type L2-derived cells occurred when they overlay mutant tissue. Adjacent mutant and wild-type L3-derived tissues in pedicels developed autonomously, indicating little or no lateral communication. Only the outermost L3-derived cells within the pedicel were capable of orchestrating normal pedicel development in overlying tissues, revealing the special status of those cells as coordinators of development for L1-and L2-derived cells, whereas the innermost L3-derived cells developed autonomously but did not influence the development of other cells.
doi:10.1105/tpc.11.2.159 pmid:9927636 fatcat:lvxwa4oajbel5jlxqt27yykeru