Study of Blood Glucose State and Its Relationship with Lipid Profiles in Diabetic Patients in Kirkuk Province

Aydin S Ahmed, Pinar H Tahir, Mohammed M Al-Kattan
2019 Diabetes & its Complications  
Prevalence of Type 2 DM has been increasing steadily everywhere the globe and quick turning into an outbreak in some countries of the globe, particularly in poorly developed countries. Hyperlipidemia is a common comorbidity in diabetes and is associated with diabetes. Aim: The purpose of the present study is to investigate the blood lipid levels and their relationship with HbA1c and blood glucose in diabetic patients. Patients and Methods: One hundred -four, type 2 diabetic diagnosed patients
more » ... iagnosed patients (equal sex) attending Babagurgur diabetes center in K1 Hospital-Kirkuk from 10/11/2018 to 10/4/2019, were subjected to this study. Their ages ranged between 32-79 years with a mean age of 54.8 ± 8.3 years. Biochemical tests for evaluation of diabetes; fasting blood glucose (FBG) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c %), and lipid profiles; cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels were measured. Results: The results showed that there was a significant(p<0.05) increase in the tests of evaluation of blood sugar; FBG was 13.6 mmol/L and HbA1c of 9.6 % as mean values among the patients when compared with the same parameters in control group. Serum levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL showed significant (p<0.05) increase, while LDL decreased. HbA1c and FBG levels were correlated with increasing levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and HDL. Regarding the changes in parameters among age groups, the age group 50-59 years constituted most the diabetic cases (43; 41.3%). Conclusion: It is concluded that the older age and poor glycemic control are important risk factors related to hyperlipidemia in the current T2DM population and associated with adverse lipid profiles.
doi:10.33425/2639-9326.1055 fatcat:2imqlqf7vfbz5mfgeo2q2v6slq