3D DNA structural barcode copying and random access [article]

Filip N Boskovic, Alexander Ohmann, Ulrich Felix Keyser, Kaikai Chen
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Three-dimensional (3D) DNA nanostructures built via DNA self-assembly have established recent applications in multiplexed biosensing and storing digital information. However, a key challenge is that 3D DNA structures are not easily copied which is of vital importance for their large-scale production and for access to desired molecules by target-specific amplification. Here, we build 3D DNA structural barcodes and demonstrate the copying and random access of the barcodes from a library of
more » ... es using a modified polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The 3D barcodes were assembled by annealing a single-stranded DNA scaffold with complementary short oligonucleotides containing 3D protrusions at defined locations. DNA nicks in these structures are ligated to facilitate barcode copying using PCR. To randomly access a target from a library of barcodes, we employ a non-complementary end in the DNA construct that serves as a barcode-specific primer template. Readout of the 3D DNA structural barcodes was performed with nanopore measurements. Our study provides a roadmap for convenient production of large quantities of self-assembled 3D DNA nanostructures. In addition, this strategy offers access to specific targets, a crucial capability for multiplexed single-molecule sensing and for DNA data storage.
doi:10.1101/2020.11.27.401596 fatcat:gzffqzp6mbgvdlqmdrg2e5krwu