Stephanie M. LaMassa, Tahir Yaqoob, N. A. Levenson, Peter Boorman, Timothy M. Heckman, Poshak Gandhi, Jane R. Rigby, C. Megan Urry, Andrew F. Ptak
2017 Astrophysical Journal  
We present the Chandra imaging and spectral analysis of NGC 4968, a nearby (z = 0.00986) Seyfert 2 galaxy. We discover extended (∼1 kpc) X-ray emission in the soft band (0.5 - 2 keV) that is neither coincident with the narrow line region nor the extended radio emission. Based on spectral modeling, it is linked to on-going star formation (∼2.6-4 M_ yr^-1). The soft emission at circumnuclear scales (inner ∼400 pc) originates from hot gas, with kT ∼ 0.7 keV, while the most extended thermal
more » ... is cooler (kT ∼ 0.3 keV). We refine previous measurements of the extreme Fe Kα equivalent width in this source (EW = 2.5^+2.6_-1.0 keV), which suggests the central engine is completely embedded within Compton-thick levels of obscuration. Using physically motivated models fit to the Chandra spectrum, we derive a Compton-thick column density (N_ H > 1.25×10^24 cm^-2) and an intrinsic hard (2-10 keV) X-ray luminosity of ∼3-8× 10^42 erg s^-1 (depending on the presumed geometry of the obscurer), which is over two orders of magnitude larger than that observed. The large Fe Kα EW suggests a spherical covering geometry, which could be confirmed with X-ray measurements above 10 keV. NGC 4968 is similar to other active galaxies that exhibit extreme Fe Kα EWs (i.e., >2 keV) in that they also contain ongoing star formation. This work supports the idea that gas associated with nuclear star formation may increase the covering factor of the enshrouding gas and play a role in obscuring AGN.
doi:10.3847/1538-4357/835/1/91 fatcat:brvs3l3h45fipa5kfyutyubol4