Influence of nanostructured TiO2 additives on some physical characteristics of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)
Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences
Nanocomposites Structure Optical Electrical properties a b s t r a c t TiO 2 nanoparticles, successfully prepared by sol-gel method, were added with different contents to CMC solution to obtain CMC/TiO 2 nanocomposite. The structure and particle size of the TiO 2 nanoparticles, embedded in the CMC matrix, were identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques, with particle size in the range of 20e40 nm. The additives have a significant effect on the
... ant effect on the particle size distribution and physical properties of CMC/TiO 2 . The optical and electrical properties of CMC/TiO 2 were characterized by means of UVeVIS spectroscopy and electrical methods, respectively. The electrical activation energy DE for DC conduction decreases with increasing in TiO 2 ratio. The ac conductivity depends on the temperature and frequency according to SPH model for CMC polymer and CBH model for CMC/TiO 2 nanocomposites. The dielectric constant 3 1 and dielectric loss 3 2 for all samples increase with increasing temperature and decrease with increasing the frequency. The optical band gap transforms from indirect in case of CMC polymer into direct band gap in case of CMC/TiO 2 nanocomposites. Moreover, the optical band gap was investigated under different doses of gamma irradiation. The band gap is slightly increased by increasing the doses of gamma irradiation.