Measuring Value Creation and Its Distribution Among Stakeholders of the Firm

Marvin B. Lieberman, Natarajan Balasubramanian
2007 Social Science Research Network  
We present a general methodology that uses publicly available data to estimate the magnitude of economic value creation and its distribution among a firm's stakeholders. Based on productivity literature in economics, the methodology goes beyond the conventional focus on shareholders and allows the examination of value appropriation by other stakeholders of the firm including employees, customers and government. We illustrate the methodology using historical data on General Motors and Toyota.
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2382099 fatcat:3he6q7b64rayhbjtrw57adqszi