The Neuroanatomical, Neurophysiological and Psychological Basis of Memory: Current Models and Their Origins

Eduardo Camina, Francisco Güell
2017 Frontiers in Pharmacology  
This review aims to classify and clarify, from a neuroanatomical, neurophysiological, and psychological perspective, different memory models that are currently widespread in the literature as well as to describe their origins. We believe it is important to consider previous developments without which one cannot adequately understand the kinds of models that are now current in the scientific literature. This article intends to provide a comprehensive and rigorous overview for understanding and
more » ... dering the latest scientific advances related to this subject. The main forms of memory presented include sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. Information from the world around us is first stored by sensory memory, thus enabling the storage and future use of such information. Short-term memory (or memory) refers to information processed in a short period of time. Long-term memory allows us to store information for long periods of time, including information that can be retrieved consciously (explicit memory) or unconsciously (implicit memory).
doi:10.3389/fphar.2017.00438 pmid:28713278 pmcid:PMC5491610 fatcat:oynwh2tbl5ewrktlwhag5w2n6y