Isytiqoq Perspektif Aliran Basrah dan Kufah

Mas Tajuddin Ahmad
2020 IJAS Indonesian Journal of Arabic Studies  
in linguistics, there are studies that focus on making sentences and part of them. Commonly, people call it syntax. No exception in the discipline of Arabic Linguistics, in that discipline there is also a study of syntax, it called Nahwu or Ilmu An Nahwi. The problems in the study of Nahu Science do not stop only at the level of sentences and parts thereof. However, very long before that, there were some schools (madrasah) of critical thingking about the Nahu Science itself. Among the famous
more » ... ools are Basrah and Kufa. Next will be explained the perspective of the two schools (madrasas) about the Origin of Words Theory (Isytiqoq). The purpose of this study is in order that the reader can find out the concept of isytiqoq according to each schools. This research uses a type of qualitative research methods using various sources of literature related to research. Through this research, we will get results about the theory of isytiqoq Basrah which are oriented towards nouns and kufa based on verbs. Pendahuluan Bahasa merupakan gejala alam yang hanya dapat ditemukan pada manusia. Dapat dikatakan pula bahwa bahasa adalah fenomena rasional sebagai alasan bahwa manusia mempunyai kapabilitas rasional yang berasal dari piranti yang ada pada diri manusia itu sendiri. Dengan piranti tersebut manusia terdorong untuk berbahasa. Bahasa juga merupakan alat perantara manusia dalam menyampaikan maksud, hajat serta tujuannya (Ahmad, 2020).
doi:10.24235/ijas.v2i1.6286 fatcat:m35f66s2enh7dmioo4nls75sr4