Student barriers to online learning: A factor analytic study

Lin Y. Muilenburg, Zane L. Berge
2005 Distance Education  
This article reports on a large-scale (n = 1,056), exploratory factor analysis study that determined the underlying constructs that comprise student barriers to online learning. The eight factors found were (a) administrative issues, (b) social interaction, (c) academic skills, (d) technical skills, (e) learner motivation, (f) time and support for studies, (g) cost and access to the Internet, and (h) technical problems. Independent variables that significantly affected student ratings of these
more » ... arrier factors included: gender, age, ethnicity, type of learning institution, self-rating of online learning skills, effectiveness of learning online, online learning enjoyment, prejudicial treatment in traditional classes, and the number of online courses completed.
doi:10.1080/01587910500081269 fatcat:355vaqrvrnappfy7mofbkyhht4