A Three-Stage Teacher, Student Neural Networks and Sequential Feed Forward Selection-Based Feature Selection Approach for the Classification of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Naseer Ahmed Khan, Samer Abdulateef Waheeb, Atif Riaz, Xuequn Shang
2020 Brain Sciences  
Autism disorder, generally known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a brain disorder characterized by lack of communication skills, social aloofness and repetitions in the actions in the patients, which is affecting millions of the people across the globe. Accurate identification of autistic patients is considered a challenging task in the domain of brain disorder science. To address this problem, we have proposed a three-stage feature selection approach for the classification of ASD on the
more » ... eprocessed Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange (ABIDE) rs-fMRI Dataset. In the first stage, a large neural network which we call a "Teacher " was trained on the correlation-based connectivity matrix to learn the latent representation of the input. In the second stage an autoencoder which we call a "Student" autoencoder was given the task to learn those trained "Teacher" embeddings using the connectivity matrix input. Lastly, an SFFS-based algorithm was employed to select the subset of most discriminating features between the autistic and healthy controls. On the combined site data across 17 sites, we achieved the maximum 10-fold accuracy of 82% and for the individual site-wise data, based on 5-fold accuracy, our results outperformed other state of the art methods in 13 out of the total 17 site-wise comparisons.
doi:10.3390/brainsci10100754 pmid:33086634 pmcid:PMC7603385 fatcat:njl5p2cirzblpj5dyegultcjvy