3D human face description: landmarks measures and geometrical features

Enrico Vezzetti, Federica Marcolin
2012 Image and Vision Computing  
Morphometric measures and geometrical features are widely used to descript faces. Generally, they are extracted punctually from landmarks, namely anthropometric reference points. The aims are various, such as face recognition, facial expression recognition, face detection, study of changes in facial morphology due to growth, or dysmorphologies. Most of the time, landmarks were extracted with the help of an algorithm or manually located on the faces. Then, measures are computed or geometrical
more » ... tures are extracted to perform the scope of the study. This paper is intended as a survey collecting and explaining all these features, in order to provide a structured user database of the potential parameters and their charateristics. Firstly, facial soft-tissue landmarks are defined and contextualized; then the various morphometric measures are introduced and some results are given; lastly, the most important measures are compared to identify the best one for face recognition applications.
doi:10.1016/j.imavis.2012.02.007 fatcat:z3emhzzrzrf7pnqsekhxc62uq4