High-energy lasers: principles, types, indications in periodontial practices

T. Dzhemileva, Slav Dimitrov, V. Dogandzhiyska, Ts. Georgieva, V. Kalchinov, V. Mantareva, I. Angelov, V. Kussovski
2011 Scripta Scientifica Medica  
In ves ti ga tions in the area of la ser ap pli ca tion in den tal prac tices date back to 1964. Shortly af ter la sers came to be ing, they were in tro duced both in med i cine and in den tal med i cine where they were suc cess fully used for the di ag nos tics and treat ment of a number of diseases. The cur rent lit er a ture re view pres ents the na ture and prop er ties of la sers and la ser beams. Their bi o log i cal and heal ing ac tion is dis cussed. The most com mon la sers that are em
more » ... ployed in den tal prac tices are in di cated. The ac cent is on high-en ergy la sers used in op er a tive dentistry and peri odon tol ogy, namely the År:Cr:YSGG è Er:YAG la sers, and their emis sion char ac ter is tics. The fo cus in this lit er a ture re view is on la ser ap pli ca tion in periodontal prac tices. The prop er ties and in di ca tions of the most fre quently ap plied la sers are in di cated and their ad van tages are out lined. The lat ter are due to their spe cific bi o log i cal and ther a peu tic ef fects both on healthy and on pathologically altered periodontal tissues.The pa per also com prises clin i cal re ports by re nowned ex perts in peri odon tol ogy about la ser ap pli cation in the treat ment of dif fer ent periodontial diseases. Twenty-seven ar ti cles are cited.
doi:10.14748/ssm.v43i2.390 fatcat:hoznc4my4zemle3mdfhrp3hfmq