Wireless sensor networks for personal health monitoring: Issues and an implementation

Aleksandar Milenković, Chris Otto, Emil Jovanov
2006 Computer Communications  
Recent technological advances in sensors, low-power integrated circuits, and wireless communications have enabled the design of lowcost, miniature, lightweight, and intelligent physiological sensor nodes. These nodes, capable of sensing, processing, and communicating one or more vital signs, can be seamlessly integrated into wireless personal or body networks (WPANs or WBANs) for health monitoring. These networks promise to revolutionize health care by allowing inexpensive, non-invasive,
more » ... ous, ambulatory health monitoring with almost real-time updates of medical records via the Internet. Though a number of ongoing research efforts are focusing on various technical, economic, and social issues, many technical hurdles still need to be resolved in order to have flexible, reliable, secure, and power-efficient WBANs suitable for medical applications. This paper discusses implementation issues and describes the authors' prototype sensor network for health monitoring that utilizes off-the-shelf 802.15.4 compliant network nodes and custom-built motion and heart activity sensors. The paper presents system architecture and hardware and software organization, as well as the authors' solutions for time synchronization, power management, and on-chip signal processing.
doi:10.1016/j.comcom.2006.02.011 fatcat:g63gewxag5e77b6pmtalbkrc6y