The Central Region of Testican-2 Forms a Compact Core and Promotes Cell Migration

Anja Krajnc, Aljaž Gaber, Brigita Lenarčič, Miha Pavšič
2020 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Testicans are modular proteoglycans of the extracellular matrix of various tissues where they contribute to matrix integrity and exert cellular effects like neurite outgrowth and cell migration. Using testican-2 as a representative member of the family, we tackle the complete lack of general structural information and structure–function relationship. First, we show using isothermal titration calorimetry and modeling that extracellular calcium-binding domain (EC) has only one active
more » ... active calcium-binding site, while the other potential site is inactive, and that testican-2 is within extracellular matrix always in the calcium-loaded form. Next, we demonstrate using various prediction methods that N- and C-terminal regions plus interdomain connections are flexible. We support this by small-angle X-ray-scattering analysis of C-terminally truncated testican-2, which indicates that the triplet follistatin-EC-thyroglobulin domain forms a moderately compact core while the unique N-terminal is disordered. Finally, using cell exclusion zone assay, we show that it is this domain triplet that is responsible for promoting cell migration and not the N- and C-terminal regions.
doi:10.3390/ijms21249413 pmid:33321927 fatcat:olzfynxgfjegpldfxyfyv6siju