DYSREGULATION of PROTEIN QUALITY CONTROL IMPAIRS FUNCTION of PRIMARY CARDIOMYOCYTES [article]

(:Unkn) Unknown, University, My, Kamel Khalili
2020
Mitochondria provide the main energy required for cardiac excitation-contraction coupling via aerobic oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) process. Accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), by-products of mitochondrial respiration, within dysfunctional mitochondria results in the activation of cardiac cell death pathways and has been associated with heart failure development. Therefore, maintaining mitochondrial homeostasis as a balance between mitochondrial biogenesis and degradation is of
more » ... degradation is of great importance toward cardiac proper functioning. In addition to the importance of mitochondrial energy supply, gap junctions, intercellular channels which connect plasma membrane of adjacent cardiomyocytes, by propagating action potential throughout the myocardium maintain cardiac synchronous beating and rhythm. Gap junctions have a rapid turnover and impair of gap junction quality control impacts cell-to-cell communication; resulting in electrical conduction abnormalities and arrhythmogenesis. Therefore, understanding the underlying mechanism the quality control of mitochondria and gap junctions profoundly contributes toward understating the genesis of cardiomyopathy. Furthermore, cardiovascular problems in HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) positive patients whose viral load is controlled via antiretroviral therapy remains a problem while the underlying mechanism remains elusive. The current study has used an in vitro model of primary neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes (NRVCs) to discover the molecular mechanisms of mitochondrial as well as gap junction quality control under normal and stress conditions. Furthermore, electrical activities of the primary cardiomyocytes were recorded using microelectrode array (MEA) system and important electrophysiological components such as impulse propagation pattern and conduction velocity were extracted from the complex signal recordings. Overall, we have pursued four main aims; Aim 1. Dysregulation of mitochondrial quality control machinery leads to cardiac death; Aim 2. HIV-1 [...]
doi:10.34944/dspace/1274 fatcat:jplzmpiu5vh77iwxcelctp4fvi