H2O2 Regulation of Vascular Function Through sGC mRNA Stabilization by HuR

A. Martin-Garrido, M. Gonzalez-Ramos, M. Griera, B. Guijarro, J. Cannata-Andia, D. Rodriguez-Puyol, M. Rodriguez-Puyol, M. Saura
2010 Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology  
Objective-Hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) is an important mediator in the vasculature, but its role in the regulation of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) activity and expression is not completely understood. The aim of this study was to test the effect of H 2 O 2 on sGC expression and function and to explore the molecular mechanism involved. Methods and Results-H 2 O 2 increased sGC␤1 protein steady-state levels in rat aorta and aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) in a time-and dose-dependent
more » ... , and this effect was blocked by catalase. sGC␣2 expression increased along with ␤1 subunit, whereas ␣1 subunit remained unchanged. Vascular relaxation to an NO donor (sodium nitroprusside) was enhanced by H 2 O 2 , and it was prevented by ODQ (sGC inhibitor). cGMP production in both freshly isolated vessels and RASMCs exposed to H 2 O 2 was greatly increased after sodium nitroprusside treatment. The H 2 O 2 -dependent sGC␤1 upregulation was attributable to sGC␤1 mRNA stabilization, conditioned by the translocation of the mRNA-binding protein HuR from the nucleus to the cytosol, and the increased mRNA binding of HuR to the sGC␤1 3Ј untranslated region. HuR silencing reversed the effects of H 2 O 2 on sGC␤1 levels and cGMP synthesis. Conclusion-Our results identify H 2 O 2 as an endogenous mediator contributing to the regulation of vascular tone and point to a key role of HuR in sGC␤1 mRNA stabilization. (Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2011;31:567-573.)
doi:10.1161/atvbaha.110.219725 pmid:21164076 fatcat:a7bl5c65rnerfbfemc6ni5ft7e