Zero-Sequence Differential Current Protection Scheme for Converter Transformer Based on Waveform Correlation Analysis

Tao Zheng, Xinhui Yang, Xingchao Guo, Xingguo Wang, Chengqi Zhang
<span title="2020-04-09">2020</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Energies</a> </i> &nbsp;
Through the analysis of the recovery inrush current generated by the external fault removal of the converter transformer, it is pointed out that the zero-sequence current caused by the recovery inrush may result in the saturation of the neutral current transformer (CT), whose measurement distortion contributes to the mis-operation of zero-sequence differential current protection. In this paper, a new scheme of zero-sequence differential current protection based on waveform correlation is
more &raquo; ... d. By analyzing the characteristics of zero-sequence current under internal fault, external fault and external fault removal, the waveform correlation of the zero-sequence current measured at the terminal of the transformer and the zero-sequence current measured at the neutral point of the transformer is used for identification. The polarity of the CT is selected to guarantee the zero-sequence currents at the terminal and neutral point of the transformer exhibit a "ride through" characteristic under external fault, then the waveform similarity is high, and the correlation coefficient is positive. On the other hand, when internal fault occurs, zero-sequence current waveforms on both sides differ from each other largely, and the correlation coefficient is negative. Through a large number of simulations verified by PSCAD/EMTDC, this criterion can accurately identify internal and external faults, exempt from effects of the recovery inrush. Moreover, it presents certain ability for CT anti-saturation.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.3390/en13071814</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:qjqtkzuombf2xhhmzrcqh6aoyy</a> </span>
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