The effect of experiential learning on attitude and willingness to insulin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes

Lei Zhang, Jun Liu, Cuili Yan, Zhenhua Zhao, Jianjuan Tang, Xiaochen Ma
2016 Int J Clin Exp Med   unpublished
In this study we are designing to evaluate the influences of experimental learning theory towards the treatment attitudes and willingness of insulin usage in type 2 diabetic patients who treated with insulin. This is a quasi-experimental study. A total of 400 patients with type 2 diabetes without insulin injections' history were enrolled in this study by convenience sampling and were equally divided into experiential learning group (ELG) and control group (CG) according to their admission time.
more » ... eir admission time. The CG received routine health education, while the ELG received the diabetes and insulin injection education based on the experiential learning theory. Using questionnaire survey to collect patients' general information, the attitudes towards insulin injection, the incidence of psychological resistance to insulin and the willing score of insulin injectionat baseline and 3 months after hospital discharge. After intervention, the insulin treatment attitude scores in both groups showed a decline, and the scores in ELG was significantly lower than CG (x 2 =4.600, P=0.000). The incidence of psychological insulin resistance in ELG showed a significantly decline than CG (x 2 =20.135, P=0.000). Both groups showed a rising in willing score of insulin injection, and those in ELG was significantly higher than those of CG (x 2 =172.612, P=0.000). The intervention based on expe-riential learning theory can improve insulin treatment attitudes, reduce the incidence of psychological resistance to insulin and improve the willingness of insulin injection in patients with type 2 diabetes.