Germline cancer susceptibility gene testing in unselected patients with hepatobiliary cancers: A multi-center prospective study
Cancer Prevention Research
Data from germline testing in unselected patients with hepatobiliary cancers are limited. Identification of germline predisposition can have important implications on cancer treatment and family counseling. To determine prevalence of pathogenic germline variants (PGV) in hepatobiliary cancer patients we undertook a prospective multi-site study of germline sequencing using a >80 gene next-generation sequencing platform among patients with hepatobiliary cancers receiving care at Mayo Clinic
... Centers between April 1, 2018 and March 31, 2020. Patients were not selected based on stage, family cancer history, ethnicity, or age. Family cascade testing was offered at no cost. Of 205 patients, the median age was 65 years, 58.5% were male, 81% were white, and 64.4% had cholangiocarcinoma, 21.5% hepatocellular carcinoma, 7.8% gallbladder cancer and 4.3% carcinoma of ampulla of Vater. PGV were found in 15.6% (n=32) of patients, including 23 (71%) in moderate and high penetrance cancer susceptibility genes. 75% of patients with a positive result would not have been detected using guidelines for genetic evaluation. Prevalence of PGV was 15.7% in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, 17% in extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, 15.9% in hepatocellular cancer and 33% in carcinoma of ampulla of Vater. Based on these genetic findings, 55% were potentially eligible for approved precision therapy and/or clinical treatment trials. Universal multi-gene panel testing in hepatobiliary cancers was associated with detection of heritable mutations in over 15% of patients most of whom would not have been tested using current guidelines. Germline testing should be considered in all patients with hepatobiliary cancers.