Gender-specific Prevalence and Influencing Factors of Ideal Cardiovascular Health in Chinese Rural Population: The Henan Rural Cohort Study [post]

Xueyan Wu, Xiaotian Liu, Zhicheng Luo, Miaomiao Niu, Yaling He, Jian Hou, Zhenxing Mao, Wenqian Huo, Linlin Li, Chongjian Wang
2020 unpublished
Background: The American Heart Association define a new concept of ideal cardiovascular health (ICH), which was widely used. However, the prevalence of ICH according to the definition of Chinese rural population is unclear. The study aimed to estimate prevalence and influencing factors of ICH in rural areas of China.Methods: This study included 35081 participants (13711 men and 21370 women)aged 18 to 79 years from "the Henan Rural Cohort study". The cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics, the ICH
more » ... ) metrics, the ICH scores, the ideal health behaviors (IHB) scores and ideal health factors (IHF)scores were evaluated in Chinese rural adults. Each CVH metrics divided into ideal and non-ideal including diet, physical activity, smoking, BMI, blood pressure, total cholesterol and fasting plasma glucose. The influencing factors of ideal CVH (ICH scores≥5), ideal HB (IHB scores>3) and ideal HF (IHF scores>3) were explored by logistic regression analysis.Results: The age-standardized mean scores of the ICH was 4.30(3.62 in men and4.69 in women). Prevalence of ICH metrics about ideal physical activity was the highest (91.37%), while about ideal diet was lowest (0.48%).The age-standardized prevalence of population who with 7 scores of ICH was 0.10% (0.07% in men and 0.11% in women). The age-standardized prevalence of Ideal CVH (ICH scores≥5) was 48.86% (28.26% in men and 60.70% in women). The age-standardized prevalence of 4 of IHB scores and 4 of IHF scores were 0.16% (0.17% in men and 0.16% in women) and 33.26% (10.06% in men and 46.60% in women), respectively. Further, apart from IHB scores, age had an inverse relationship with the ICH scores and IHF scores in total populations and women. Much older, men, low family income, current drinking and abdominal obesity were independently associated with ICH in Chinese rural adults.Conclusions: The percentage of ideal cardiovascular health is extremely low in rural China. There is an increasing need for primordial prevention of unhealthy lifestyles and monitoring high risk factors to promote cardiovascular health in rural China.Clinical Trial Registration The Henan Rural Cohort Study has been registered at Chinese Clinical Trial Register (Registration number: ChiCTR-OOC-15006699). Date of registration: 2015-07-06.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:ue3enevxunb7tnol3ykj36c37a