Effects of Cooperative Learning and Motivational Strategies for Older Adult on Functional Fitness

2018 International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education  
With the increasing number of older adults and life expectancy, the issue of aging population has become more critical, leading to the growing prominence of problems related to elderly health care and treatment (Chang, 2015; Huang, Wei, & Cheng, 2010) . According to active aging proposed by the World Health Organization, participation (the creation of social participation channels), health (the establishment of an environment for physical and mental health), and security (social and economic
more » ... urity and life safety), as well as the comprehensive health promotion concept based on a fitness perspective that was developed by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM, 2016). These types of well-being complement each other and affect lifestyle and health quality in older adults. As indicated by past studies, multiple complex factors influence exercise participation behavior in older adults; behavior of older adults can be changed through the use of appropriate learning systems, teaching methods, and interaction strategies (Bodsworth & Goodyear, 2017; Jones, & Rose, 2005; Rikli, & Jones, (2001) . Social interaction is a strong learning theory that, in addition to meaningful learning for older adults, focuses on balance transposition into real life (Huang, Wang, & Lin, 2016) . Social interaction emphasizes that learning is an important social situation that occurs within everyday cognition and interaction (O' Donoghue, 2016; Johnson & Johnson, 1993) . Such learning interaction originates from social relations, cultural history, specific commodities, real life situations, and physical activity learning environment.
doi:10.20431/2349-0381.0501016 fatcat:3jtdx77ukbdfve3jrjwiiimvlu