Expression of Pro-Angiogenic Markers Is Enhanced by Blue Light in Human RPE Cells

Concetta Scimone, Simona Alibrandi, Sergio Zaccaria Scalinci, Edoardo Trovato Battagliola, Rosalia D'Angelo, Antonina Sidoti, Luigi Donato
2020 Antioxidants  
Inherited retinal dystrophies are characterized by photoreceptor death. Oxidative stress usually occurs, increasing vision loss, and oxidative damage is often reported in retinitis pigmentosa (RP). More than 300 genes have been reported as RP causing. In contrast, choroidal neovascularization (CNV) only occasionally develops in the late stages of RP. We herein study the regulation of RP causative genes that are likely linked to CNV onset under oxidative conditions. We studied how the endogenous
more » ... how the endogenous adduct N-retinylidene-N-retinylethanolamine (A2E) affects the expression of angiogenic markers in human retinal pigment epithelium (H-RPE) cells and a possible correlation with RP-causing genes. H-RPE cells were exposed to A2E and blue light for 3 and 6h. By transcriptome analysis, genes differentially expressed between A2E-treated cells and untreated ones were detected. The quantification of differential gene expression was performed by the Limma R package. Enrichment pathway analysis by the FunRich tool and gene prioritization by ToppGene allowed us to identify dysregulated genes involved in angiogenesis and linked to RP development. Two RP causative genes, AHR and ROM1, can be associated with an increased risk of CNV development. Genetic analysis of RP patients affected by CNV will confirm this hypothesis.
doi:10.3390/antiox9111154 pmid:33233546 fatcat:zc7piv5dknamncahsgihexyrhe