A CT-Based Radiomic Signature for the Differentiation of Pulmonary Hamartomas from Carcinoid Tumors

Ayten Kayi Cangir, Kaan Orhan, Yusuf Kahya, Ayse Uğurum Uğurum Yücemen, İslam Aktürk, Hilal Ozakinci, Aysegul Gursoy Gursoy Coruh, Serpil Dizbay Dizbay Sak
2022 Diagnostics  
Radiomics is a new image processing technology developed in recent years. In this study, CT radiomic features are evaluated to differentiate pulmonary hamartomas (PHs) from pulmonary carcinoid tumors (PCTs). A total of 138 patients (78 PCTs and 60 PHs) were evaluated. The Radcloud platform (Huiying Medical Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing, China) was used for managing the data, clinical data, and subsequent radiomics analysis. Two hand-crafted radiomics models are prepared in this study: the first
more » ... model includes the data regarding all of the patients to differentiate between the groups; the second model includes 78 PCTs and 38 PHs without signs of fat tissue. The separation of the training and validation datasets was performed randomly using an (8:2) ratio and 620 random seeds. The results revealed that the MLP method (RF) was best for PH (AUC = 0.999) and PCT (AUC = 0.999) for the first model (AUC = 0.836), and PC (AUC = 0.836) in the test set for the second model. Radiomics tumor features derived from CT images are useful to differentiate the carcinoid tumors from hamartomas with high accuracy. Radiomics features may be used to differentiate PHs from PCTs with high levels of accuracy, even without the presence of fat on the CT. Advances in knowledge: CT-based radiomic holds great promise for a more accurate preoperative diagnosis of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs).
doi:10.3390/diagnostics12020416 pmid:35204507 pmcid:PMC8871366 fatcat:elgk6hz26fhdnfjh4oai3lnwqa