Identificação de metabólitos da região cambial, cerne e alburno associados à produção de madeira em Eucalyptus grandis
Identificação de metabólitos da região cambial, cerne e alburno associados à produção de madeira em Eucalyptus grandis Marisângela Rodrigues dos Santos Tese apresentada para obtenção do título de Doutora em Ciências. Área de concentração: Genética e Melhoramento de Plantas Piracicaba 2019 ABSTRACT Metabolites identification of the cambial region, heartwood and sapwood associated with wood production in Eucalyptus grandis Species of the genus Eucalyptus sp. are the most planted trees in Brazil,
... d trees in Brazil, where they play an important economic, social and environmental role. Studies of how the formation of wood and its chemical composition can help to obtain trees that are more productive. In this sense, metabolomics studies are interesting because they may associate the presence or quantity of one or more metabolites with the expression of a specific phenotype. The gas chromatography (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography (LC-MS) are very used in metabolomics because they allow a qualitative and quantitative view of the metabolites present in an organism. Therefore, the objective of this work was to identify differentially abundant metabolites in superior and inferior plants in relation to wood production in Eucalyptus grandis. The plant material used was supplied by Suzano Papel e Celulose and divided into two groups. The main group consisted of a progeny of five-year-old E. grandis full-siblings. Samples were collected from the cambium, heartwood and sapwood regions of upper and lower genotypes for wood productivity. In order to validate metabolites, the second group, called test group (GT) was formed by clones with three and five years, also with superior and inferior genotypes for wood productivity. The samples were analyzed by GC-MS and LC-MS. For the processing of the GC-MS data, the ChromaTOF program and the TargetSearch package were used. For the identification of the metabolites, the GMD library (The Golm Metabolome Database) was used. For the LC-MS, the raw data was processed in the MarkerLynx XS program. The statistical analyzes of GC-MS and LC-MS data were performed using the MetaboAnalyst online program, using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA). In addition, the differentially abundant metabolites were ranked using the Importance Index of the Variable (VIP). In GC-MS analysis, eight metabolites (four unknown, one alkane, one amino acid, one amine and one fatty acid) were found in the cambium with differential abundance in the superior and inferior trees. The sapwood presented nine metabolites with differential abundance, of which three unknown, two sugars, one flavonoid and two fatty acids. Besides, in the heartwood eight metabolites were differentials being four unknown, three sugars and one fatty acid. For the T group there was formation of groups according to productivity only for five years group. In the analyzes by LC-MS considering the two modes of analysis (positive and negative) was found 66, 28 e 27 metabolites in the cambium, the sapwood and the heartwood, respectively. The T group showed no difference in the abundance of the metabolites in relation to the upper and lower trees. The identification of these metabolites as well as the metabolic pathways involved will provide valuable information for wood formation studies in E. grandis.