Learning End-to-End Lossy Image Compression: A Benchmark
Image compression is one of the most fundamental techniques and commonly used applications in the image and video processing field. Earlier methods built a well-designed pipeline, and efforts were made to improve all modules of the pipeline by handcrafted tuning. Later, tremendous contributions were made, especially when data-driven methods revitalized the domain with their excellent modeling capacities and flexibility in incorporating newly designed modules and constraints. Despite great
... ss, a systematic benchmark and comprehensive analysis of end-to-end learned image compression methods are lacking. In this paper, we first conduct a comprehensive literature survey of learned image compression methods. The literature is organized based on several aspects to jointly optimize the rate-distortion performance with a neural network, i.e., network architecture, entropy model and rate control. We describe milestones in cutting-edge learned image-compression methods, review a broad range of existing works, and provide insights into their historical development routes. With this survey, the main challenges of image compression methods are revealed, along with opportunities to address the related issues with recent advanced learning methods. This analysis provides an opportunity to take a further step towards higher-efficiency image compression. By introducing a coarse-to-fine hyperprior model for entropy estimation and signal reconstruction, we achieve improved rate-distortion performance, especially on high-resolution images. Extensive benchmark experiments demonstrate the superiority of our model in rate-distortion performance and time complexity on multi-core CPUs and GPUs. Our project website is available at https://huzi96.github.io/compression-bench.html.