3D Bio-Cad modeling of human mandible and fabrication by rapid-prototyping technology
Usak University Journal of Material Sciences
The purpose of this study is to prepare a model of the human mandible in accordance with anatomical structure and fabricated by rapid-prototyping (RP) technology. In this study, a computed tomographic (CT) scan of a dentate mandible was obtained with a 0.3 mm voxel resolution with capability to export to DICOM format. The data were cleaned; edited and separated 'mask' generated for cortical bone, cancellous bone, and teeth using Mimics 10.01 and Geomagic 11.0 software. The data were imported to
... ta were imported to Solidworks from Geomagic and converted to the solid model and fabricated by 3D rapid-prototyping technique. The mandible structure was divided into layers and then an average Young's modulus value was calculated for each layer of cortical bone and cancellous bone using the basis of CT density as in previously published protocols. In this study, the procedure of obtaining bio-CAD model of mandible methodology has nine phases: computed tomography (CT), 2D segmentation, calculating 3D object from scanned data, reverse engineering interface, point cloud data processing, surface reconstruction, solid model reconstruction, obtaining bio-CAD model, and fabricating the model using RP technology. The average Young's Modulus value of cortical bone and cancellous bone was calculated 30100.88 MPa, and 685.42 MPa, respectively. As a result, according to expert review, examination of the anatomical structure, and literature survey, we concluded that the development of 3D human mandible model can be used to conduct research on human mandible.