ORIGINAL RESEARCH THE SPECIFICITIES OF THE MULTIDIMENSIONAL DIAGNOSIS FOR OCCUPATIONAL STRESS AT THE TEACHERS FROM INSIDE THE HIGHSCHOOL CYCLE IN THE DISTRICT OF ARGES
Journal of Physical Education an Sport
The research hypotheses: Up until the present moment, numerous studies on the various areas of the socio-professional field have been effectuated all of them making reference of a common subject: stress. Following its introduction into science by Seyle, many articles and monographies were written on this concept that has generated and keeps generating quite a lot of argumented controversies (Zlate, M. 2000). Thus, quite a series of aspects have been treated by the special field of interest
... ld of interest literature: defining or elaborating the levels of work stress; the interdisciplinary approach of stress; stress with regards to sickness and health; the theoretical, anatomical and psycho-physiological fundaments of stress; physical stress from the psychological and psychosomatic perspective (Barsan, B 2001). The socio-professional overdemand, the time constraints, the daily pressures lead to stress, but all these generate the visible life of the iceberg. The unseen face of the cumulated and diversified action of the stress factors is noticed either too late, when distress, chronic tiredness, depression, or the symptoms of a cardiovascular or psychosomatic disease are already present, as a direct consequence of the defective management of stress as a process. With regards to the stress costs, these have become extremely great, both for organizations, as for the national economies, through the absenteeism causes by sickening, accidents, productivity decrease and personnel fluctuations (Brate, A.T. 2004). The occupational stress is not necessarily a negative phenomenon; at an optimal level it can become an important motivating factor and can be essential to accomplishing a dynamic adjustment to new situations (Legeron, P. 2003). Teachers are an important socio-professional category in the life of a society and are subjected to different pressure factors that might lead to a multitude of stress reactions. The research methodology The research objectives The fundamental idea was that the effects of the professional stress depend on the external factors specific to the socio-professional environment (various sources of pressure), as on internal factors (individual differences) that may act as a variable moderator, a receptive mediator of the stress process. As a hypothesis, we have considered that an important role inside the perception of stress and relations between its sources, is played by copying mechanisms and personality factors (individual differences). Thus, the following work hypotheses have been formulated: 1. We presuppose that the managerial role negatively influences the action potential of the home/work balance as a stress control strategy. 2. The more numerous the personal responsibilities, the lower the teachers' ability to exert influence; the feeling of incapability in influencing surrounding things and events appears. 3. We also presuppose that the more sociable a person is, the more it can assume responsibility of the taken decisions.