Gender Gaps in Human Capital in Developing Countries: An Empirical Assessment

Minh Quang Dao
2012 Economics Research International  
This paper examines the impact of various determinants on gender gaps in human capital in developing countries. We find that female primary completion is dependent on per capita GDP growth, female employment in agriculture, in industry, and in services, and the interactions between per capita GDP growth and female employment in industry and in services. We are also able to show that the ratio of girls to boys' enrollments in primary and secondary schools is a function of the poverty rate, the
more » ... action of the population with access to an improved water source, and maternal mortality. In addition, we observe that girls' mortality is dependent upon the fraction of the population having access to improved sanitation and water services, and ethnic fractionalization. Finally, we find that maternal mortality is a function of the fraction of the population with access to improved water services, the fraction of births attended by skilled staff, the fraction of women receiving prenatal care, and ethnic fractionalization. These statistical results can assist developing countries identify areas that need to be improved upon in order to reduce gender gaps in human capital—specifically those concerning female mortality and education.
doi:10.1155/2012/715419 fatcat:zimapem6v5fbndl2sk63q5rf7m