hotspot, in biodiversity [entry]

Encyclopedia of Environmental Change   unpublished
A checklist of the amphibians of Santa Teresa municipality, in southeastern Brazil is presented based on fieldwork, examination of specimens in collections, and a literature review. This new amphibian list of Santa Teresa includes 108 species, of which 106 (~98%) belong to Anura and two (~2%) to Gymnophiona. Hylidae was the most represented family with 47 species (43%). Compared to the previous amphibian lists for Santa Teresa, 14 species were added, 17 previously reported species were removed,
more » ... ecies were removed, and 13 species were re-identified based on recent taxonomic rearrangements. Of the 14 species added, 11 (79%) were first recorded during our fieldwork and specimen examination. It is also the first list of caecilians for Santa Teresa. This list suggests that Santa Teresa has 0.16 species per km 2 (i.e., 108 species/683 km 2 ), one of the highest densities of amphibian species in the world at a regional scale. This richness represents 78% of the A peer-reviewed open-access journal Rodrigo Barbosa Ferreira et al. / ZooKeys 857: 139-162 (2019) 140 136 anurans from Espírito Santo state and 10% of the 1,080 amphibians from Brazil. We highlight the need for long-term monitoring to understand population trends and develop effective conservation plans to safeguard this remarkable amphibian richness.
doi:10.4135/9781446247501.n1904 fatcat:d3yvpwnirbewpco4bli3jjdcl4