Deployment of Critical Incident Reporting System (CIRS) in public Styrian hospitals: a five year perspective

Gerald Sendlhofer, Peter Schweppe, Ursula Sprincnik, Veronika Gombotz, Karina Leitgeb, Peter Tiefenbacher, Lars-Peter Kamolz, Gernot Brunner
2019 BMC Health Services Research  
To increase patient safety, so-called Critical Incident Reporting Systems (CIRS) were implemented. For Austria, no data are available on how CIRS is used within a healthcare facility. Therefore, the aim of this study was to present the development of CIRS within one of the biggest hospital providers in Austria. Methods: In the province of Styria, CIRS was introduced in 2012 within KAGes (holder of public hospitals) in 22 regional hospitals and one tertiary university hospital. CIRS is available
more » ... in all of these hospitals using the same software solution. For reporting a CIRS case an overall guideline exists. Results: As of 2013, 2.504 CIRS cases were reported. Predominantly, CIRS-cases derived from surgical and associated disciplines (ranging from 35 to 45%). According to the list of hazards (also called "risk atlas"), errors in patient identification (ranging from 7 to 12%), errors in management of medicinal products (ranging from < 5 to 9%), errors in management of medical devices (ranging from < 5 to 10%) and errors in communication (ranging from < 5 to 6%) occurred most frequently. Most often, a CIRS case was reported due to individual error-related reasons (48%), followed by errors caused by organization, team factors, communication or documentation failures (34%). Conclusions: In summary, CIRS has been used for 5 years and 2.504 CIRS-cases were reported. There is a steady increase of reported CIRS cases per year. It became also obvious that disregarding guidelines or standards are a very common reason for reporting a CIRS case. CIRS can be regarded as a helpful supportive tool in clinical risk management and supports organizational learning and thereby collective knowledge management.
doi:10.1186/s12913-019-4265-0 fatcat:r3hgkstn4zajxephlntsgwoxbq