Algorithm for Overcoming the Curse of Dimensionality for State-dependent Hamilton-Jacobi equations
In this paper, we develop algorithms to overcome the curse of dimensionality in possibly non-convex state-dependent Hamilton-Jacobi equations (HJ PDEs) arising from optimal control and differential game problems. The subproblems are independent and can be implemented in an embarrassingly parallel fashion. This is an ideal setup for perfect scaling in parallel computing. The algorithm is proposed to overcome the curse of dimensionality [1, 2] when solving HJ PDE. The major contribution of the
... er is to change an optimization problem over a space of curves to an optimization problem of a single vector, which goes beyond . We extend [5, 6, 8], and conjecture a (Lax-type) minimization principle when the Hamiltonian is convex, as well as a (Hopf-type) maximization principle when the Hamiltonian is non-convex. The conjectured Hopf-type maximization principle is a generalization of the well-known Hopf formula [11, 16, 30]. We validated formula under restricted assumptions, and bring our readers to  which validates that our conjectures in a more general setting after a previous version of our paper. We conjectured the weakest assumption is a psuedoconvexity assumption similar to . The optimization problems are of the same dimension as that of the HJ PDE. We suggest a coordinate descent method for the minimization procedure in the generalized Lax/Hopf formula, and numerical differentiation is used to compute the derivatives. This method is preferable since the evaluation of the function value itself requires some computational effort, especially when we handle high dimensional optimization problem. The use of multiple initial guesses and a certificate of correctness are suggested to overcome possibly multiple local extrema since the optimization process is no longer convex. Our method is expected to have application in control theory and differential game problems, and elsewhere.