p53-dependent DNA damage-induced apoptosis requires Fas/APO-1-independent activation of CPP32beta

E J Fuchs, K A McKenna, A Bedi
1997 Cancer Research  
In many cell types, the p53 tumor suppressor protein is required for the induction of apoptosis by DNA-damaging chemotherapy or radiation. Therefore, identification of the molecular determinants of p53-dependent cell death may aid in the design of effective therapies of p53-deficient cancers. We investigated whether p53-dependent apoptosis requires activation of CPP32beta (caspase 3), a cysteine protease that has been found to mediate apoptosis in response to ligation of the Fas molecule or to
more » ... Fas molecule or to granzyme B, a component of CTL lytic granules. Irradiation-induced apoptosis was associated with p53-dependent activation of CPP32beta-related proteolysis, and normal thymocytes were protected from irradiation by Acetyl-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-CHO (Ac-DEVD-CHO), a specific inhibitor of CPP32beta. We next examined whether the Fas system is required for p53-dependent apoptosis and whether stimuli that induce activation of CPP32beta induce apoptosis in p53-deficient cells. Thymocytes or activated T cells from Fas-deficient mice were resistant to apoptosis induced by ligation of Fas or CD3, respectively, but remained normally susceptible to irradiation. Thymocytes from p53-deficient mice, although resistant to DNA damage, remained sensitive to CPP32beta-mediated apoptosis induced by ligation of Fas or CD3, or by exposure to cytotoxic T cells. These results demonstrate that DNA damage-induced apoptosis of T cells requires p53-mediated activation of CPP32beta by a mechanism independent of Fas/FasL interactions and suggest that immunological or molecular methods of activating CPP32beta may be effective at inducing apoptosis in p53-deficient cancers that are resistant to conventional chemotherapy or irradiation.
pmid:9205051 fatcat:5h35fcrsbnga5mviozgpgyufvm