A Note on the Tombstone of Master Pu and the Xishan Zazhi

Johannes L. Kurz
2016 Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde  
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported (cc-by-nc 3.0) License. Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land-en Volkenkunde 172 (2016) 510-537 bki brill.com/bki Abstract The present article is a preliminary report on the debate surrounding the tombstone of Master Pu discovered in Brunei in 1972. Dated to 1264 by Franke and Ch'en (1973) , the tombstone of Master Pu has been regarded as evidence of early contacts between China and
more » ... runei, but also as proof of the existence of Muslim connections between the two countries. Pu allegedly died in Brunei while on a diplomatic mission and was consequently buried there. Of specific importance within this narrative has been a text 'discovered' in 1982 in Fujian entitled Xishan zazhi (Miscellaneous record(s) from the western mountain). It reports that Pu arrived in Brunei in 1247, and that the tombstone was commissioned by his sons who also served as envoys to Brunei. I shall describe the as yet unpublished text and discuss its veracity in light of the evidence available. Keywords Pu gong zhi mu -Xishan zazhi -Brunei -Quanzhou * I would like to thank Stephen G. Haw, Barend ter Haar, Angela Schottenhammer, and Geoff Wade for generously sharing their research publications with me as well as giving their valuable comments. My thanks also go the anonymous reviewers who pointed out a number of inaccuracies in the original article. Downloaded from Brill.com02/15/2020 04:04:30AM via free access a note on the tombstone of master pu and the xishan zazhi 511 Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land-en Volkenkunde 172 (2016) 510-537 1987; Huang Guoan 黄国安 1991). The positive identifications of the envoys in Museum) (23 March-20 April 2015), entitled Menyusuri Lautan: Quanzhou dan Brunei Darussalam dalam 'Laluan Sutera Maritim'/Sailing Deep into the Sea/Bihai silu: dongfang zhi zhou 碧海丝路东方之舟, the 1876 tombstone is displayed in a photograph with a caption that informs the reader that it was first discovered in 2004. 2 有宋泉州判院蒲公之墓 You Song Quanzhou panyuan Pu gong zhi mu 景定甲子男應甲 立 Jingding jiazi nan Ying?jia li. 3 I have had no access to this article.
doi:10.1163/22134379-17204001 fatcat:3lvg6zlqtvhnrboppomq36gzda