A Neurally Inspired Model of Figure Ground Organization with Local and Global Cues

Sudarshan Ramenahalli
2020 AI  
Figure Ground Organization (FGO)-inferring spatial depth ordering of objects in a visual scene-involves determining which side of an occlusion boundary is figure (closer to the observer) and which is ground (further away from the observer). A combination of global cues, like convexity, and local cues, like T-junctions are involved in this process. A biologically motivated, feed forward computational model of FGO incorporating convexity, surroundedness, parallelism as global cues and spectral
more » ... sotropy (SA), T-junctions as local cues is presented. While SA is computed in a biologically plausible manner, the inclusion of T-Junctions is biologically motivated. The model consists of three independent feature channels, Color, Intensity and Orientation, but SA and T-Junctions are introduced only in the Orientation channel as these properties are specific to that feature of objects. The effect of adding each local cue independently and both of them simultaneously to the model with no local cues is studied. Model performance is evaluated based on figure-ground classification accuracy (FGCA) at every border location using the BSDS 300 figure-ground dataset. Each local cue, when added alone, gives statistically significant improvement in the FGCA of the model suggesting its usefulness as an independent FGO cue. The model with both local cues achieves higher FGCA than the models with individual cues, indicating SA and T-Junctions are not mutually contradictory. Compared to the model with no local cues, the feed-forward model with both local cues achieves ≥8.78 improvement in terms of FGCA.
doi:10.3390/ai1040028 fatcat:gpvzxkbl45csldptce7ynqgoou