A GCM Motif Protein Is Involved in Placenta-specific Expression of Human Aromatase Gene

Kazuyo Yamada, Hisamitsu Ogawa, Shin-ichiro Honda, Nobuhiro Harada, Tsuneko Okazaki
1999 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
A new cis-element, trophoblast-specific element 2 (TSE2) is located in the placenta-specific enhancer of the human aromatase gene that dictates its tissue-specific expression. In the minimum enhancer region, an element similar to the trophoblast-specific element (TSE), originally described for the human chorionic gonadotropin ␣-subunit gene, also exists (Yamada, K., Harada, N., Honda, S., and Takagi, Y. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 25064 -25069). The co-presence of TSE and TSE2 is required to
more » ... is required to direct trophoblast-specific expression driven by a heterologous thymidine kinase promoter. A 2562-base pair cDNA clone encoding a 436amino acid protein that binds to TSE2 was isolated from a human placental cDNA library using a yeast one-hybrid system with the TSE2 as a reporter sequence. The protein was revealed to be identical to hGCMa, a mammalian homologue of the Drosophila GCM (glia cells missing) protein. Expression of hGCMa is restricted to the placenta. The protein also binds to PLE1 in the leptin promoter among other cis-elements reported to confer placenta-specific expression, suggesting that hGCMa is a placenta-specific transcription regulator, possibly involved in the expression of multiple placenta-specific genes.
doi:10.1074/jbc.274.45.32279 pmid:10542267 fatcat:rubxsew4srb5bhgboe3e2xfue4