Advanced computational modelling of metallic wire-arc additive manufacturing

Dejan Kovšca, Bojan Starman, Aljaž Ščetinec, Damjan Klobčar, Nikolaj Mole
2021 ESAFORM 2021  
Wire-arc welding-based additive manufacturing (WAAM) is a 3D printing technology for production of near-net-shape parts with complex geometry. This printing technology enables to build up a required shape layer by layer with a deposition of a consumable welding wire, where the welding arc is a source of heat. Welding is usually performed by CNC-controlled robotic manipulator, which provides a controlled location of material layer adding. Because the process itself involves thermo-mechanically
more » ... mplex phenomena, Finite Element-based virtual models are commonly employed to optimize the process parameters. This paper presents advanced computational modelling of the WAAM of a tube. A thermo-mechanical numerical model of the process is calibrated against experimental data, measured as temperature variation at the acquisition point. The virtual modelling starts with a preparation of the tube geometry in CAD software, where the geometry of the single-layer cross-section is assumed. The geometry is then exported to a G-code format data file and used to control robotic manipulator motion. On the other side, the code serves as an input to in-house developed code for automatic FEs activation in the simulation of the material layer-adding process. The time of activation of the finite elements (FEs) is directly related to the material deposition rate. The activation of the FEs is followed by a heat source, modeled with a double ellipsoidal power density distribution. The thermo-mechanical problem was solved as uncoupled to speed-up computation.
doi:10.25518/esaform21.2340 fatcat:do35kwtw6vccfix4nkuzkewrmy